Magnificant Milan

Located in picturesque Northern Italy, Milan was established around 400 BC after the Gauls overcame the Etruscans and named it Mediolanum. The Romans conquered the area in 222 BC and in 15 BC it became the Western Roman Empire’s capital. It was in Milan that Emperor Constantine I proclaimed The Edict of Milan in 313 AD, announcing religious tolerance for the Christian religion in the Roman Empire.

By Renée S. Gordon

History and Travel Writer


The Goths displaced the Romans and christened the land Mailand, the land of spring. In 6th-century AD the Lombards seized control leading to the name, Lombardy, to the region. During the Italian Renaissance, 1300-1499, the city became a cultural draw. In 1535 two-hundred years of Spanish rule began. When Italy became a kingdom in the 19th century Milan again became the cultural capital and has remained so.

Milan is definitely tourism ready and there are a variety of ways to stretch your Euros. My most important tip is to exchange a limited amount of dollars because 99% of the venues take credit cards. This will also help you keep track of your spending.


Milano, Milano Hop-On Hop-Off has three routes that you can travel for two days. The routes are interconnected and themed to history, sports, and modern architecture. The double-decker bus takes you to within walking distance of more than 30 of the most significant sites and free WIFI is available on board.

The transit system in the city is expansive, clean, safe and convenient. A 24-hour pass costs 4.50 euros and is good for a short stay. The Milan Pass is comprehensive and covers transportation, museums, attractions, sightseeing and restaurant discounts. With this city pass is possible to travel with no limits on Milan public transport network (inner area) and get free access or discounted rates for airport transfers, museums, tours, restaurants and much more. Includes also 5€ for a Taxi ride. 2 days €69 Adult(12+)/ €29 Child (4-11).

The red brick Sforzesco Castle, originally a fortress, was constructed in 1358-68. It has served many functions, including as a private residence, and now houses several museums. A highlight of the collection is Michelangelo’s final sculpture, the “Pietà Rondanini”.

Milan was an early religious center and some sites remain. The Lombard Romanesque Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio, St. Ambrose is the patron saint of Milan, was constructed in the 300s as was the Basilica of San Lorenzo Maggiore, the oldest church in the city. San Lorenzo is also the location of 16 marble Corinthian columns from the Roman Era. It was built in an octagonal shape atop a Roman amphitheater.

The Quadrilatero della Moda is the area with the iconic Duomo at its heart. This is the most historic section of the city. The Milan Cathedral , the Duomo, the world’s  5th largest cathedral, dates from 1386 and was built over a 500-year period. This architectural marvel boasts 132 marble spires, more than 3,000 statues and the Madonnia atop the tallest spire covered in 3,900 pieces of gold leaf. It is one of the world’s largest Gothic churches at 514-ft. long and 301-ft. at its widest. Inside there are 52 pillars, one for each week of the year. The 4th-century baptistery is also on view. Tours include the cathedral interior, museum, archeological exhibits and rooftop terraces with a view of the Alps. This was the site of Versace’s funeral. Tickets should be purchased online prior to your visit.

Adjacent to the Duomo is the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele ii, a pedestrian promenade beneath vaulted glass arcades designed in 1865 by Giuseppe Mengoni. Ironically Mengoni fell to his death from a scaffold just prior to the Galleria’s opening. Trendy restaurants and designer boutiques line the incredible mosaic flooring including Armani, Bulgari, Dolce & Gabbana, Fendi, Ferragamo, Gucci, Prada, Valentino, Versace and Zegna. The floor is designed to replicate a Latin cross. The floor mosaics include the zodiac signs and it is said that it is good luck to tread on Taurus the Bull’s genitals.

One block from the galleria is La Scala Opera House and Museum. Founded in 1778 it has presented performances by the world’s leading artists. Tours of the museum include information on past operas, conductors and composers, costumes, portraits and an opportunity to view the theater auditorium through a large window. Special note should be taken of the gilded galleries and impressive 383-bulb chandelier. In 1883 La Scala was the first building in Milan to be illuminated by the Edison Company. This is Europe’s largest opera house and specialized tours are also offered.

The Navigli District and Brera are two of the city’s most exciting neighborhoods. Navigli is a canal district filled with dining and shopping options. The canals were made navigable in the 1300s to haul the marble to build the Duomo. Brera is an exciting artisan district that features exciting nightlife, dining and entertainment and the major public art gallery in Milan, the Pinacoteca di Brera. Its collection of artworks is formidable and includes Mantega’s “Dead Christ”.

Leonardo da Vinci moved to Milan in 1482 under the patronage of Duke Ludovico Sforza. He would remain there until 1499, completing The Last Supper in 1498.

Santa Maria delle Grazie showcases the original of “The Last Supper”.  It is on the wall of the monastery’s dining room. It was painted between 1496-98 and was restored over 20 years. On the opposite wall is Giovanni Donato da Montorfano’s, “The Crucifixion”, painted in 1495. Leonardo’s work is not a traditional fresco, he applied tempera directly onto the dry wall. Visitors should purchase tickets prior to visiting online. Admission is controlled and viewings are timed.

Fashion Week leaves no doubt that Milan is the European Fashion Capital. Shows take place throughout the city and historic sites are filled with trendsetters in cutting-edge attire.

Milan is a total destination but the city is also ideally situated for excursions to the Alps, Verona, Florence, Rome, Lake Como and Turin. Turn your vacation into something extraordinary. #visitMilan

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